Research and production for a modular,
inflatable seating environment

with nick meehan
fabricated by Pneuhaus

SIT(UATION) is social sculpture and mutable seating system designed to situate the body as the central agent in the act of reading. The design borrows its structure and behavior from the Physarum Polycephalum, or “slime mold.” The work pulls from a mélange of lineages, including radical architecture movements of the 1960s–70s, post-modern seating design a-la Peter Opsvik, alternative education practices developed for neurodivergent students, anti-racist embodiment practices, and interspecies systems of mutual aid in the anarchist tradition of Peter Krepotnik.

The system hopes to provoke a behavior inspired by the common slime mold—a single-cell organism that lives freely as a tiny microbial cell until times of crisis when they send out a chemical distress signal to congregate and merge into a larger collective body. Though much larger the organisms reamains a single cell, during times of food scarcity. This behavior is the core metaphor behind SIT(UATION), a place to commune with others, and collectively seek out narratives that are in short supply.

The project pulls together a melange of influence:

The field of multisensory education has clearly demonstrated that the more of the senses we engage in the learning process, the more knowledge we retain.1 With that in mind, the act of reading would benefit from a more spatial arrangement, so then what is the spatial potential of a book2, and why are we effectively reduced to an disembodied eye3 in most of our art viewing scenarios? SIT(UATION) borrows from a critical history of seating4, and explores interspecies support systems5 using the mutable, collective bodies of slime molds as a model through which to explore alternatives that engender a sense of play and cetner the body in the act of reading.

  1. Roy, Betty J. "Matching Your Teaching to the Dyslexic’s Learning Style" 08–11, The Journal of Adventist Education Volume 53, Issue 05, 1991
  2. Carrión, Ulises "The New Art of Making Books" In, SECOND THOUGHTS, 6–23. Amsterdam: VOID DISTRIBUTORS, 1980.
  3. Diana Fuss and Joel Sanders, “An Sesthetic Headache: Notes from the Museum Bench” In, CCS Readers: Interiors, pp 64–79. Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, Sternberg Press, 2012.
  4. Opsvik, Peter "Chapter 1 why — backdrop" In, Rethinking Sitting, 12–29. New York: Norton Professional Books, 2008.
  5. Kropotkin, Peter. Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution. Courier Corporation, 2012.

I worked with architect Nick Meehan to evolve the form of a rejected proposal from 2020. We realized early on that conventional fabrication would be prohibitively expensive, and decided to pursue inflatable fabrication, which despite some constraints, opened up new opportunities for the design of each module. For the fabrication we worked with Pneuhaus, a studio of architects and designers that, among other things, design and fabricate inflatbles and public spaces for play.

For the installation we looked more closely at the life cycle of the slime mold. The work and films of biologist John Bonner helped identify distinct phases in the slime mold life cycle—which we used to stucture the manner in which the inflatables behaved in the museum.

Phase I: Aggregation

The aggregation stage is a form of mutual aid; a chemical signal is triggered during food scarcity when starving aomebae secrete a hormone called cyclic AMP, recruiting other individual cells to stream towards a gathering point. The 'dots' (fig. 1.1) are individual cells, the 'arms' (fig. 1.2) are where the the cells have aggregated. They continue their movement to the central structure that develops into an slug (fig 2.1, 2.2).

Before the exhibition Nick and I held a workshop with students at VCU. I showed past work, rejected spatial proposals, research, and the anarchic, collaborative goals of SIT(UATION). Nick spoke to the history of inflatables within an architectural context, reinforcing some of the political notions I introduced. After the talk we invited everyone down to handle a scale model of the inflatable. The scale model became a tactile interface through which students felt free to ask questions, comment and eventually even make suggestions we incorporated into the final design. The sense of play engendered a level of engagement I’ve ever seen at any talk—as close to a proof of concept as we were going to get.

Phase II: Pseudoplasmodia

During the reproductive stage, called pseudoplasmodium, slime molds tend to migrate to a well-lit area, such as the top of a log, where less moisture is present. They form into a slug-like mass, leaving a trail of slime as they move. Once large enough a pseudoplasmodium will split in two.

Knowing that the museum lobby, cafe and bookshop are often used as a workspace, we first introduced some smaller formations to the space to gage weather or not people felt free to use them. They quickly became popular with VCU students, and visitors to the museum.

Phase III: Culmination

When the pseudoplasmodium ceases migration, it differentiates into a fruiting body in a process called culmination. The anterior cells of the pseudoplasmodium form the stalk (a self sacrifice as they die in the process). The more posterior cells differentiate into spore cells, forming a bulb at the top of the stem from which the spores have a longer reach and higher chance of survival.

For the main opening, we used all modules to create a mega-formation that filled the museum lobby, and was easily visible from the street. Large shag rugs and floor cushions donning an eclectic array of textiles offer tactile stimulation,  planting the suggestion to sit, and interact in different ways. During the opening DJs Via App and LOKA were invited to DJ ambient music, creating rhythm and texture in the sonic environment to suggest movement without tipping the scales into dance music.

In a later phase of the installation, the components migrited upstairs and split off into two locations, taking on a more descrete presence in the building. The inflatables were accompanied by a directional speaker which played a selection of ambient music that had been commissioned, in part, for the exhibition. Around the corner the rugs and some of the cushion were installed in an area facing an outdoor terrace.

Phase IV: Reproduction

Slime molds reproduce by spores, which can remain dormant in soil for many years. Two of these amoeba-like cells fuse together and form a shapeless, growing mass called a plasmodium.

In honor of the project roots in publishing, each iteration of the project includes some form of reproduction. Part of the commission was used to create offspring of the inflatables. One of those was a 3D typeface I developed with Rahul Shinde (fig 5.0). The other is a book on the research and process that will be published by Genderfail in the spring of 2024.

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